Top Exercises to Strengthen Your Core and Improve Stability

A strong core is crucial for fitness, stability, balance, and injury prevention. It enhances physical capabilities for all in Abu Dhabi, from beginners to advanced athletes.
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Top Exercises to Strengthen Your Core and Improve Stability

Article Contributor: Alessandra

A strong core is essential for overall fitness, athletic performance, and everyday activities. It provides stability, balance, and power, and helps prevent injuries. Whether you’re a beginner or an advanced athlete in Abu Dhabi, incorporating core-strengthening exercises into your routine can significantly enhance your physical capabilities. 

Here are some of the top exercises to strengthen your core and improve stability.

Table Of Contents


The plank is a highly efficient and versatile core exercise that simultaneously works various muscle groups. Primarily, it targets the rectus abdominis, transverse abdominis, and obliques, which are essential components of the core musculature. 

Moreover, this exercise is more than just an abdominal workout; it also engages the muscles in your arms, shoulders, and legs, providing a full-body tension that can lead to improved posture and functional strength.



How to Perform the Plank:

  1. Start by positioning yourself face down on the floor, as if preparing to do a push-up. Your elbows should be aligned under your shoulders, and forearms resting on the ground.
  2. Push off the floor, raising up onto your toes and elbows. Ensure your body forms a straight line from your head to your heels – this is crucial for proper alignment and effectiveness.
  3. Engage your core muscles vigorously by imagining you are drawing your belly button towards your spine. This not only activates the key abdominal muscles but also supports the lower back.
  4. Maintain this position, striving to hold it as long as possible without compromising form. Beginners should aim for at least 30 seconds, while more experienced individuals can challenge themselves for minutes at a time.
  5. As you progress with regular training, work on extending the duration of your plank to continue building core strength and enhancing your endurance levels.


Helpful Tips for Plank Exercise:

  • It’s essential to prevent your hips from either lifting too high or dropping too low, as this can put unnecessary strain on your lower back. Keep your hips level to ensure the appropriate muscles are engaged.
  • Breathing is key in any exercise, and the plank is no exception. Focus on maintaining steady, rhythmic breaths to keep oxygen flowing to your muscles and help you hold the position longer.
  • For added difficulty and variety, try incorporating side planks or leg lifts into your routine once you have mastered the basic plank. These variations will present new challenges and target different muscle groups.

Russian Twists

Russian twists are an incredibly effective core exercise that primarily targets your oblique muscles—those responsible for rotation and side-bending movements. By integrating Russian twists into your fitness regimen, you can significantly boost rotational strength, which is crucial for various sports and daily activities, as well as enhance stability around the midsection. 

This makes the Russian twist a valuable component for anyone looking to improve their core strength, which is at the heart of total body fitness, and to amplify their overall athletic performance.


How to Perform Russian Twists:

  1. Commence by positioning yourself seated on the floor; ensure your knees are bent comfortably, and your feet are resting flat against the ground, keeping a robust and dignified posture throughout the movement.
  2. Deliberately lean back just enough to engage the abdominal muscles, but be mindful to keep your spine elongated and core tight to avoid any undue strain on your lower back.
  3. Grasp a suitable weight or medicine ball securely with both hands, holding it steadfastly in front of your chest to help maintain balance and add resistance to the exercise.
  4. With a measured pace, rotate your upper body to the left and right, conscientiously contracting the oblique and core muscles during each twist, endeavoring to achieve a full range of motion without compromising form.


Useful Tips for Russian Twists:

  • It’s crucial to maintain a slow and deliberate tempo throughout the exercise, concentrating on engaging the correct muscle groups. Refrain from rapidly twisting from side to side, as this can lead to momentum taking over and reducing the effectiveness of the workout.
  • To elevate the intensity level and put more demand on your core strength, you might consider elevating your feet off the ground while executing the Russian twists. This modification will challenge your balance and core engagement, thereby intensifying the difficulty and potential benefits of the exercise. Always remember that quality trumps quantity—better to perform fewer, more precise repetitions than numerous, poorly executed ones.

Bicycle Crunches

Bicycle crunches are an exceptionally effective exercise for targeting not only the upper and lower abs but also the oblique muscles on the sides of your abdomen. This multifaceted activity is invaluable for those seeking to enhance their core strength, promote better stability in their daily movements, and increase the flexibility of their torso.

By incorporating bicycle crunches into your workout routine, you are sure to develop a more toned and defined midsection. Moreover, this exercise plays a pivotal role in supporting good posture and can contribute to an overall sense of well-being due to its focus on core conditioning.


How to Perform Bicycle Crunches:

  1. Begin by positioning yourself flat on your back. Place your hands gently behind your head without interlocking your fingers, and elevate your legs so that your thighs are perpendicular to the floor, creating a 90-degree angle at the knees.
  2. Engage your abdominal muscles deeply to stabilize your spine as you start the movement. Bring your right elbow towards your left knee in a controlled manner while concurrently extending your right leg straight out without allowing it to touch the ground. The movement should be fluid like the motions of pedaling a bicycle.
  3. After the twist and touch, revert to the starting position and then switch to the other side, bringing your left elbow towards your right knee while your left leg extends.
  4. The key to this exercise lies in maintaining a consistent pedaling motion where the twist and extension alternate rhythmically. This action ensures that the abdominal muscles––including the obliques––are engaged fully with every cycle of movement.


Tips for Bicycle Crunches:

  • It is crucial to maintain your lower back in contact with the ground or mat throughout the entire exercise. This helps to prevent any undue strain on your lumbar region and preserves the integrity of your spinal alignment.
  • Rather than rushing through the motions, prioritize the mindfulness of your movements. Focusing on form will maximize muscle engagement. Each crunch and each twist should be deliberate and controlled, aimed at activating the abs and obliques efficiently.
  • While it’s tempting to chase after quantity, quality is far more important when it comes to refining your technique and obtaining the desired muscular benefits from bicycle crunches.

Bird Dog

The bird dog exercise is a superb and advantageous workout for bolstering the core region of the body, specifically targeting the abdominal muscles and lower back. This multifunctional exercise not only strengthens these areas but also greatly improves balance and coordination skills. As an exceptionally versatile movement, it’s an excellent choice for those seeking to enhance their overall core strength and establish greater stability within their torso.


How to Perform the Bird Dog Exercise:

  1. Begin in a quadruped position, ensuring you are on your hands and knees on a flat surface. Your wrists should be directly underneath your shoulders forming a straight line, while your knees should align under your hips, establishing a strong and stable foundation.
  2. Carefully extend your right arm forward until it is parallel with the floor, simultaneously reaching your left leg backward until it is in alignment with your body. Strive to create a perfectly straight and horizontal line from the tips of your fingers all the way through to your heel, embodying the grace and precision of the exercise’s namesake.
  3. Once you’ve reached full extension, hold this position for several seconds. During this static hold, concentrate on engaging and tightening your core muscles to support your posture, and ensure that your spine remains neutral.
  4. After maintaining this pose, gently and with control, return to your initial starting position, preparing to repeat the motion.
  5. Now, shift to the other side, extending your left arm forward and your right leg back. By alternating sides, you effectively work both halves of your body, promoting muscular balance and symmetry.


Helpful Tips for Bird Dog Exercise:

  • Keep your core engaged throughout the duration of the exercise. This focused engagement is paramount as it assists in stabilizing your torso and preventing unwanted or excessive arching of your lower back which could potentially lead to strain or injury.
  • Aim to execute the movements in a slow and intentional manner. Emphasizing a controlled tempo allows for an increased concentration on maintaining balance and poise. This deliberate pace amplifies the benefits of the exercise, ensuring that each muscle group involved is activated and strengthened accordingly.
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Dead Bug

The dead bug exercise is a phenomenal entry-level core stability movement that targets the abdominal muscles with precision, while also safeguarding the lower back from potential strain. By focusing on the core, it’s not just about building muscle – this exercise plays a crucial role in enhancing overall core strength and stability, which can translate to better posture and reduced risk of back pain. 

Subsequently, it stands as an excellent choice for inclusion in any type of fitness regime, whether you’re a gym enthusiast or someone who prefers home workouts.


Detailed Steps to Master the Dead Bug Exercise:

  1. Make yourself comfortable on your back on a flat surface, preferably a yoga mat for cushioning. Extend your arms towards the zenith, as if trying to touch an imaginary ceiling. Your knees should be bent at a meticulous 90-degree angle which forms the perfect setup for the commencement of the exercise. It is essential at this stage to start engaging your core muscles by drawing your belly button towards the spine.
  2. With measured control and deliberate pacing, commence to lower your right arm behind your head while simultaneously extending your left leg out straight, just hovering above the floor. It’s pivotal to move these opposing limbs in a synchronized manner, keeping the action smooth to maximize the tension on the core muscles.
  3. Carefully reverse the movement to bring both your right arm and left leg back up to the initial 90-degree position. Ensure that during this phase, you are moving with purpose and precision to maintain the engagement of your abdominal muscles.
  4. Now, mirror the same controlled motion with your left arm and right leg, again paying close attention to keeping your lower back pressed firmly against the ground. This oppositional limb movement is the heart of the dead bug exercise and promotes balance and coordination alongside core fortification.



Advanced Tips for Enhanced Dead Bug Execution:

  • As you perform each repetition, remind yourself to focus on the quality of the movement over quantity. The dead bug exercise is all about control and fineship; rushing through the motions will not give you the full benefits and could lead to unnecessary muscle strain.
  • To ensure the utmost effectiveness, persistently monitor your lower back’s position against the floor. This constant check prevents arching, which can place undue stress on the lumbar region. By maintaining this disciplined contact, you’re assuring that the target muscles, the abdominals, are fully activated and engaged throughout the duration of the exercise.
  • A common mistake is holding one’s breath during exertion. Remember to maintain steady, rhythmic breathing to keep the core engaged and to deliver oxygen to the hard-working muscles. Inhaling and exhaling smoothly will enhance your performance and prevent you from getting lightheaded during the workout.

Side Plank

The side plank is a highly effective and somewhat demanding exercise that specifically engages your core muscles, with a particular emphasis on the oblique muscles. It’s an exercise that not only bolsters lateral core stability but also contributes significantly to your overall core strength and balance.

This exercise offers a multitude of benefits beyond strengthening. By executing the side plank consistently, you can expect to see improvements in your posture, support for a healthy back, and enhanced athletic performance due to the increased core stability. 

Moreover, it’s a functional movement that can aid in everyday activities and various sports that require a strong and stable core.


Step-by-Step Guide to Mastering the Side Plank:

  1. Begin by lying on your side, ensuring that your body is in a straight line from head to heels. Position your elbow under your shoulder to provide robust support, and place one foot directly on top of the other for a stable base.
  2. Engage your core muscles tightly—as if bracing for an impact—to lift your hips off the floor. Elevate your body so that you form a direct and unwavering line from your head to your feet, activating the obliques and encompassing core muscles to maintain this rigid structure.
  3. As you sustain this position, focus on breathing steadily and deeply. Aim to hold the side plank for as long as you are able without compromising form, gradually increasing the duration over time for greater endurance. After completing one side, ensure to perform the exercise on the opposite side to maintain muscle balance across your core.


Additional Advice for Enhancing Your Side Plank Routine:

  • In order to fully reap the rewards of the side plank exercise, it’s imperative to keep your hips elevated. Make sure your entire body remains in a straight, unyielding line. This focused alignment helps to maximize the exertion on your core muscles, making the exercise more beneficial.
  • Introducing variety in your side plank can greatly augment the level of difficulty and thus, the strengthening potential. For those seeking to amplify the challenge, experiment with elevating your top leg or extending your top arm towards the sky while holding steady in the side plank pose. This variation not only increases the intensity but also aids in improving balance and coordination.


In conclusion, incorporating the side plank into your regular fitness routine will provide a solid foundation for enhancing core strength and stability. With consistent practice and attention to proper form, you’ll notice significant gains in muscular endurance and functional strength throughout your midsection.

Mountain Climbers

Mountain climbers are indeed a remarkably dynamic core exercise that engages not only the abdominal muscles but also serves as an intensive cardiovascular workout, which truly enhances their value as a comprehensive full-body exercise. By incorporating this exercise into your routine, you can significantly improve your core strength, boost your endurance levels, and increase your agility.


How to Perform Mountain Climbers Properly:

  1. Starting Position: Initiate this exercise in a strong plank position. Your arms should be fully extended with your hands planted firmly on the ground directly underneath your shoulders. It’s crucial to actively engage your core muscles right from the start to ensure stability and support.
  2. The Running Motion: Alternately drive your knees forward towards your chest as if you were running horizontally. It’s key to maintain a consistent pace and rhythm throughout this movement to fully stimulate the targeted muscle groups.
  3. Maintaining Form: Continue to alternate your legs, striving to pick up the speed as much as possible without compromising your form. Remember, it is vital to keep your core engaged at all times, maintain a flat back, and avoid lifting your hips too high.


Advanced Tips for Perfecting Mountain Climbers:

  • Core Engagement: Concentrating on maintaining a rock-solid core throughout the entirety of this exercise is imperative for stabilization. This focus will help prevent any unwanted sagging or overarching of your back, which could potentially lead to injury or lessen the effectiveness of the workout.
  • Steady Rhythm: Embrace a steady and controlled rhythm during the leg alternation. This approach not only helps maximize the effectiveness of the exercise but also ensures that the core muscles are being engaged thoroughly and correctly.
  • Breath Control: Pay attention to your breathing pattern. Inhale and exhale methodically to supply your muscles with enough oxygen to sustain the intensity of the exercise while aiding concentration and steadiness.


By following these detailed steps and tips, you’ll be able to execute mountain climbers with excellent form, ensuring you reap all the benefits of this multifaceted exercise. Whether you’re looking to enhance your core strength, improve your cardiovascular health, or simply add a challenging element to your workout routine, mountain climbers are an exceptional choice.

In Summary.....

Incorporating these core-strengthening exercises into your fitness routine can significantly improve your stability, balance, and overall strength in Abu Dhabi. A strong core not only enhances athletic performance but also makes daily activities easier and helps prevent injuries. Start with a few exercises and gradually increase the intensity and duration as you build strength. 

However, hypopressive exercises can represent an alternative to traditional core exercises. They focus on activating the deep core muscles while minimizing pressure on the pelvic floor. This technique includes diaphragmatic and vacuum breathing which can effectively strengthen the core while promoting better posture and pelvic health. My advice is to perform Hypopressive exercises on the sidelines or as an alternative to traditional exercises.

Remember, consistency is key to achieving and maintaining a strong, stable core. Happy training!
Coach Alessandra

Alessandra - UAE Personal Trainers - Blog PT Profile

Abu Dhabi Female PT - Alessandra

If you are seeking a female Personal Trainer or Pilates Coach in Abu Dhabi, Alessandra can offer well-structured Fitness or Pilates Lessons tailored for all levels, from beginners to advanced. 

Alessandra, a mother of two girls and an Italian entrepreneur who relocated to Abu Dhabi 9 years ago, has always been active and sporty. 

With a background in scuba diving, cycling, amateur marathon running, and a passion for outdoor sports and challenges, she has dedicated many years to athletic training for running, long distance runs, female fitness, and women’s health. 

Motivated by her commitment to promoting a healthy lifestyle, she pursued studies in the fitness field with the goal of empowering women to care for their bodies and health, combatting poor nutritional and postural habits prevalent today, as well as assisting in managing symptoms of menopause syndrome.

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